Welcome to the Underwater world of hawaii. If you are taking an Expedia cruise and are thinking of Diving in Hawaii then it means you are assured of seeing species you have not seen before. This is because Hawaii has a high percentage of species that are endemic, meaning they are found only here. Currently 23% of the fish, 20% of the mollusks, 18% of the algae and about 20% of the corals are considered endemic.
Hawaiian Green Sea Turtle
or better known as "honu" is listed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. In 1978, the Hawaiian population of the green turtle was listed as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act of 1973. Green turtles were a source of food, tools, and ornamentation for early Hawaiians. Presently The most serious threats to the Hawaiian green turtle, however, are the fibropapilloma tumor and the rapid deterioration of its foraging sites.
The Hawaiian Monk Seal
in the Family Phocidae, is an endangered marine mammal that is endemic to the warm, clear waters of the Hawaiian Islands. `Ilio-holo-i-ka-uaua as it was known to the indigenous people of Hawaii, received its name Monachus schauinslandi because the first skull known to science was brought back from Laysan Island by Dr H. Schauinsland. It gets its common name from its round head covered with short hairs, giving it the appearance of a medieval friar. The name may also reflect the fact that the Hawaiian Monk Seal lives a more solitary existence, in comparison with other seals that in places collect in large colonies. The Hawaiian Monk Seal comes from ancestors that go far back in time and are the most primitive living members of the Family Phocidae, having separated from other true seals perhaps 15 million years ago.
Sharks are known as MANO in Hawaiian. In old days , and even in presents, individual sharks were belived to physically embody the spirit of certain family ancestors. The haunts of these sharks were known and they were given regular offering of food in return the sharks were said to protect their worshipers.
There are two general names for rays in Hawaii, LUPE, which mean "kite" and HIHIMANU, "magnificent. Only 2 species of monk seals survive in the world today.
Hawaiian Monk Seal One lives in the remote areas of the Mediterranean Sea, and the other lives in the Leeward chain of the Hawaiian Islands. A third species used to inhabit the Caribbean, but was forced to extinction in the 1950s by the increased human use of the seal's habitat. The food of the monk seal consists of eels and small octopus.
Eels are well known to Hawaii as PUHI, Great favorites of Divers, morays are among the most easily to observed member of the reef community. They peer from coral watching the underwater world go by. while they thich muscular bodies remain securely hidden.